The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the 14th largest country on earth, occupying four-fifths of the Arabian Peninsula, with more than 2,149,790 square kilometers.
It is located in the far southwest of the continent of Asia.
On the other hand, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is bordered by the following areas:
- The west by the Red Sea,
- To the east by the Persian Gulf
- The United Arab Emirates
- To the north by Kuwait
- South by Yemen and the Sultanate of Oman.
According to the World Bank, Saudi Arabia is a great place to start a business in the Middle East.
As per recent research, the total population of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is approximately 35,286,908.
Population and Density of Saudi Arabia
The topography of the Kingdom varies due to the expansion of its area.
Along the Red Sea, the Tihama Coastal Plain is about 1100 km long, widens to 60 km in the south, and narrows as it heads north at the Gulf of Aqaba.
In the south, the altitude decreases gradually as you go north to reach 3000 feet and descends large valleys heading east and west, namely:
Wadi Jazan, Wadi Najran, Wadi Tathleeth, Wadi Bisha, Wadi Al-Hadid, Wadi Al-Ramah, Wadi Yanbu, and Wadi Fatimah.
The Najd plateau with the Dahna dunes and the Saman desert follow this chain on the east.
It covers an area distributed with Wadi Al Dawasir bordering the Empty Quarter desert.
From the north, the Najd plains extend to the Hail region until they connect to the Great Nafud desert and then to the borders of Iraq and Jordan.
The southeastern part of the KSA is a large desert area with an estimated 640,000 square kilometers, consisting of dunes and marshes.
Its eastern coastal plain, about 610 km long, consists of salt marshes and sandy areas.
The Kingdom’s climate varies from region to region, mainly due to its different topography, but it is usually hot in most areas.
Moreover, the KSA has a continental climate: hot in summer, cold in winter, and rainy in winter.
The weather is even more moderate in the western and southwestern highlands compared to others.
In contrast, the central regions have hot and dry summers, while winters are cold and dry, per the latest news updates.
Furthermore, Riyadh, the administrative and political center of the country, has scorching summer weather.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s regions contain various groups of animal life due to its remarkable ability to adapt to such an arid environment.
Therefore, animals, including many wild mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, and spiders, are adapted to the desert environment.
The country’s wealth is based on natural gas and oil. Its most important resources are:
- Oil production of 424.7 million tons.
- Reserves of 35.6 billion tons.
- Natural gas production of 35.9 billion cubic meters.
- Reserves of 5250 billion cubic meters.
The Saudi Arabian industry is related to oil, natural gas, refining, and petrochemicals.
Language and currency
Currency: Saudi Riyal
Kingdom’s National Day
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia celebrates its National Day on the first day of Hijra, corresponding to September 23 each year.
This national day is celebrated in commemoration of the unification of the Kingdom and its establishment by His Majesty King Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud.
King Abdul Aziz declared the establishment of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1351 AH (1932 CE).
Saudi Arabia’s flag is rectangular, and its width equals two-thirds of its length.
The emblem of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia consists of two intersecting curved Arab swords, topped explicitly with a palm tree.
However, the swords symbolize strength and sacrifice.
Meanwhile, the palm tree symbolizes vitality, growth, and prosperity.
The basic unit of the Kingdom’s currency is the Saudi riyal, which is covered in gold and is convertible into foreign currencies and is equal to 100 halalas.
US dollar over there is equivalent to 3.75 riyals.
Measures and Weights
The Kingdom adopted the metric system for measurement and weight in kilograms.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia officially relies on its history on the Hijri calendar based on the migration of the Messenger of Allah.
May God bless him and grant him peace from Makkah Al-Mukarramah to Medina.
The lunar Hijri year is 354 days divided into twelve lunar months.
Public holidays in Saudi Arabia
Official holidays in the Kingdom are as follows:
The weekend: Friday and Saturday.
Eid Al-Fitr holiday
Eid ul Fitr holidays start from the twenty-fifth of Ramadan to the fifth of Shawwal and last from ten days to two weeks, depending on its compatibility with the weekend holiday.
Eid al-Adha holiday
Eid ul Adha holidays start from the fifth day of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah to the fifteenth thereof, and government departments and institutions are closed during these holidays.
The most important cities in the Kingdom
Saudi Arabia has some top-rated cities in almost every news channel worldwide.
The city of Riyadh is located in the middle of the Arabian Peninsula, approximately at a latitude of 24 degrees and 42 minutes and a longitude of 46 degrees and 42 minutes.
King Khalid International Airport, King Fahd International Stadium.
Television Complex, King Khalid University Hospital, Diplomatic Quarter, King Saud University, Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University.
King Faisal Air College, Specialized Hospital, King Khalid Eye Hospital, Qasr Al Hukm District, King Fahd Security College, King Abdulaziz War College, and King Fahd National Guard Hospital.
Makkah is located at a latitude of 21 degrees and 27 minutes and a longitude of 39 degrees and 49 minutes.
It contains the Holy Kaaba, the Holy Mosque, the Muslim Qibla, and the shrine of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him).
The holy sites (Mina, Arafat, Muzdalifah), University Umm al-Qura, and the headquarters of the Organization of the Islamic Conference.
Madina El Monawara
Madinah is located northwest of the Kingdom, at a latitude of 24 degrees 28 minutes north and a longitude of 36 degrees.
It contains the Prophet’s Mosque, the tomb of the Prophet (may God bless him and grant him peace,) the Islamic University, and the King Fahd Complex for the Printing of the Qur’an.
Dammam is located in the Eastern Region, at a latitude of 26 degrees and 30 minutes and a longitude of 50 degrees and 6 minutes.
Moreover, the region is famous for its oil fields, and it houses the headquarters of Saudi Aramco.
Hence, it includes:
- The Industrial City of Jubail
- King Fahd International Airport
- King Fahd Par
- Dammam Corniche
- The King Abdulaziz Maritime Port
- King Faisal University
- Flying Corps Institute
- King Fahd University of Petroleum and Mineral
- The General Organization of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabi
The city of Jeddah, located on the eastern coastal plain of the Red Sea, represents explicitly a natural extension of the coastal plain.
This coastal plain, known as Tihama, covers between latitudes 25-21 and 45-21 north and longitudes 5-29 and 20-39 east.
Jeddah is a significant and equally important seaport in the same way.
Its primary and historical role was as a port and gateway to the Holy Land and a commercial-traffic transit point.
It is the most important center for import and distribution in the Kingdom.
Thus, it controls most of its economic activity due to the presence of the sea and airport.
These famous cities in Saudi Arabia have received significant attention in the media and daily news reports.
To conclude, Saudi Arabia is one of the world’s most popular countries and has excellent public relations with economically successful countries.
The main reason for its popularity is that it is the origin of Islam. Secondly, it had a golden era full of rich history. It controls the world’s second-largest oil and gas reserves (behind the US).
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